Roots of the Preface stem from political unrest

Peggy Trytko
Staff Writer

When the Preface debuted on March, 27, 1969, there were four student newspapers.

“It must be noted that the Preface sprung from a politically active hotbed which was prevalent among the left throughout the nation, especially on college campuses,” said Alice Marie Beard, Preface editor from Dec. 1972 to May 1974, in a paper titled “Analysis of the Political Aspects of the Preface, Student Newspaper of IUSB,” written in August 1975.

Richard Nixon succeeded Lyndon Johnson as president. The assassins of Robert F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Jr. went on trial.

An oil rig off the coast of Santa Barbara blew out and spilled 200,000 gallons of crude oil marring 35 miles of coastline.

A furious battle known as Hamburger Hill, then the My Lai massacre took place the year before in Viet Nam. The first draft lottery since World War II began.

The Beatles gave their last performance and Led Zeppelin released their first album.

And Wal-Mart became Wal-Mart, Inc.

In another year, National Guardsmen would shoot and kill four student protestors at Ohio State University. At Jackson State College, police would kill two more student protesters.

“War protests were at their height,” Beard notes.

The first issue of the Preface, four typewritten, mimeographed pages, had no specific editors. It was not financed by the university or student government and cost $40 per week to publish.

A group of students “who feel that the purpose of a student paper is to offer relevant information to the student body,” created it, according to the first article in the first issue of the Preface. That purpose was not being met by The IUSB Student, begun in Jan. 1968 and published for three semesters, the Recourse or the Future, both of which appeared in the spring of 1969.

The Preface asked for student contributions, which could be placed in a mailbox “behind the switchboard.” One column contained upcoming events, such as art exhibits in the community. It advertised space for classified ads: three lines for 25 cents, six lines for 50 cents. It also published the dean’s list.

Margaret E. Grounds was among those on the dean’s list. She helped co-found the Preface with James Hildebrand. The staff, listed in the fifth issue included Mike Hauser, Richard Borton, Emily J. Kochanowski, LaRita Killian and Patrick R. Slater.

The second issue, which appeared about one week later, included much of the same, as well as letters to the editor. It reported that tuition would increase to $20 per credit hour from $15 per credit hour for the 1969-1970 school year. Also, a short article questioned the new construction of Riverside Hall to house what is now the Dental Education program. The space was originally needed for other departments.

The second issue sold out, so by the third issue, “we [increased] the number of copies we produce to 500,” the April 15, 1969 issue reported.

The name of the paper written across the top of the front page was hand drawn, as were the few pictures in the first five issues, including one of the parking lot behind Greenlawn Hall, showing faculty parking off limits to students.

The last issue in the spring of 1969 urged students to vote in the upcoming student government elections, and endorsed Margaret E. Grounds for president.

Douglas Ream, editor of the Future, also ran for president and won. As a result, the Future ceased to exist.

The Student Publications Board named Grounds as editor of the student government-funded newspaper, which caused the demise of The IUSB Student, and the Preface became the official newspaper of IUSB. The Recourse also ceased publication.

“Essentially, [Grounds] had put out a competing product against the previous editor [of the student-government funded newspaper], and she had won,” Beard wrote in 1975. “She had shown in the spring that she could put together a fairly newsy, coherent and honest newspaper.”

Nancy Sulok, who writes a column for the South Bend Tribune, started writing for the Preface from the very beginning. Sulok also serves as advisor to the Preface, and has read every issue in its 38 years.

She is related to James Hildebrand, who ran into her in the hall at IUSB in the spring of 1969 and asked if she would like to write for a student newspaper.

“It’s interesting to see how it has evolved,” she said, “It has its ups and downs.”

In the fall semester of the 1969-70 school year, the Preface appeared in the format it is today.

The first official year of the Preface year reflected a country mired in controversy: protests against the Viet Nam war, new classes added to reflect the changes brought about by the Civil Rights movement, IUSB growing as a campus, and the effects of pollution on the planet.

Many of the issues are relevant today. Again, the nation is at war. IUSB has expanded its enrollment, programs and on-campus buildings. And pollution has not only not gone away, but presents problems requiring new solutions.

It is the goal of the Preface to explore in upcoming editions what the campus was like then and what it is like now.

“Its important that the newspaper appeals to a cross-section of students on campus and not become single-issue oriented,” Sulok said. There were times when the Preface didn’t cover campus issues.

“We’re improving on that,” Sulok said. “We’re going back to the original goal of being a campus newspaper.”

Next issue: Students and faculty react to war.

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Terrie Phillips

Student Life Editor

First he leased the Toll Road, now he wants to lease the Hoosier Lottery. But at what point do we stop selling off our assets? 

I personally was against it in the beginning, but when I began to do research, I decided this might not be such a bad thing.  The more I researched the more I saw the amount of money it would bring into Indiana and how they plan to divide it up. Now, it actually seems like a good plan. 
 
First, I looked at how much the Hoosier Lottery is currently making.  Since its conception, the Hoosier Lottery has had a total sales revenue of $10.5 billion, total prizes paid $6.1 billion, total retailer commissions $698.7 billion, and total transfers to the state of $2.9 billion.  Annually, the Treasurer of the State deposits $30,000,000 to the Indiana Teachers’ Retirement Fund, and $30,000,000 to the Police and Fire Pension Relief Fund, (www.in.gov/hoosierlottery/where_money_goes/profitdistribution.asp). 
     
Governor Mitch Daniels plans to lease the Hoosier Lottery for an undetermined amount of money, Daniels is hoping for $1 billion. The person who leases the Lottery will pay $200 million yearly, plus they will need an operator’s license, and at 5% will bring revenue of about $700 million, (www.in.gov/apps/utils/calender/presscal?PF=gov2&clist=196&Elist=87845).
 
Daniels plans to take 60% of the upfront proceeds and put it in a permanent endowment. They would then take the interest and put it towards scholarships for qualified high school graduates. 
    
According to www.in.gov/apps/utils/calender/presscal?PF=gov2&clist=196&Elist=87845, the qualifications for the scholarships are as follows:

• The students attending four-year institutions could receive a total of $20,000 for tuition, fees, books and other expenses; those attending two-year institutions could receive a total of $5,000, with opportunity to automatically be eligible for two additional years of funding at a four-year institution.

• The awards would take the form of a forgivable loan that would not have to be repaid if the student stays in Indiana to work for work for three years after completing studies.

• Scholarships would be based on merit.  Scores on the SAT or ACT exam, cumulative grade point average (GPA) and class rank would be key criteria. Once awarded, students would be required to maintain a 3.0 GPA and complete studies in the time specified by their degree program, to continue to receive awards each year.

The remaining 40% of the up front proceedings would go to World Class Scholar Fund.  This fund would provide money for Indiana public universities to increase the amount of qualified faculty.  They would continue to put the same amount of money in the teacher’s and the police and firefighters funds as the Hoosier Lottery. 

The lease of the Hoosier Lottery is not as bad as people may think it is.  There are gray areas, and when it comes to the people that already work for the Lottery, it does not say what will happen to them.  There is no guarantee Daniels will get $1 billion for an up-front payment. 
 
The money is mainly going to be used to combat the ‘brain drain.’  The brain drain is the name given to the amount of people leaving Indiana after college.  Some of the money from the lease would go to Indiana University Indiana Life Science Initiative, a program designed to bring over 500 new life science jobs, and increase jobs throughout Indiana as well. 
 
By bringing in the best in life sciences, this is supposed to help boost the economy.  The lease of the Lottery is an opportunity for Indiana to wisely invest our assets; we are not simply selling them or leasing them. They are still ours, but we are letting someone else handle the grunt work.  By allowing the Hoosier Lottery to be leased, we are allowing the state to grow, for our children, grandchildren and so on. 
 
If we deny this opportunity it may never come again.  As of now, the Indiana University Indiana Life Science Initiative would give Indiana a head start in the area of life science.  As of now, we are a struggling state. We have issues, this is true, but when it comes to the future of our state and the future of our families, this should be a no brainier.  Give up your stubborn pride; Daniels isn’t the best leader, but he is getting the job done. 

Letter to the Editor:

March 30, 2007

As a reader of the Preface I was looking forward to the article on the “Vagina Monologues.”  To my disappointment the reporter’s article was pulled at the request of the people being written about and instead of sending in another reporter the cast was allowed to write the article.
    
I cannot see this happening anywhere professionally except at a school newspaper where the editors are answerable to the administration.
   
I found two places in the printed article that describe the event for the reader.

The first monologue “A World Without Violence” was described as walking down the stairs and through the audience.  The only other description of what went on in the performance is the final piece where the audience was requested to do something.

That’s it, nothing more is known about the actual performance.
 
I request The Preface to rewrite the article and explain to the students what went on in our auditorium during a performance of a monologue about a vagina. Good journalism demands better reporting than what was printed.

Ronald Czarnecki
Mass Comm. Student

Terrie Phillips
Staff Writer

On Thursday, March 8, 2007, Mishawaka Mayor Jeff Rea spoke with students at Indiana University South Bend, giving them the State of the City Address. 
 
Rea spoke on the City of Mishawaka and the future plans to expand the city and bring more commerce.  He wants to make the city more of a home town.  “We are working together to build the best hometown available,” said Rea.
 
The City of Mishawaka is putting efforts to better city services such as the police department, fire department and water works.  “We purchased a new public safety communication system.  It is going to really help us prevent crime.” 
 
“The treatment plant is currently treating flows that are at its design capacity of 12 million gallons per day.  The expansion is saving the dual purpose of providing capacity for continued growth in the community and will cut annual combined sewer overflow (CSO) volume in-half,” according to State of the City of Mishawaka 2007, www.mishawakacity.com/Text%20Inserts/SOC2007II.pdf.

The city is now home to 50 thousand people, according to Rea.  The city has seen great change over the years.  “Years ago we were an industrial center, then we became a little more diversified, then we saw a shift in retail, now we have shifted to medical.”
 
According to www.mynewhospital.org, St. Joseph Regional Medical Center is planning to build a $355 million facility at Edison Lakes.  “Multi-story towers will provide 254 in-patient private rooms and baths with a hotel style ambience.  A business center will be available to patients and visiting family members.  Set on 90 acres, the new facility, located less than 10 miles from the current SJRMC campus, will include a park area with ponds and walkway.”
 
Rea is anticipating the arrival a Ruth’s Chris, a high-end steak house. With the arrival of this restaurant, Rea hopes some more national names will also come to Mishawaka. 
 
Mishawaka is also developing more green space for the residents to enjoy.  “Several years ago we took control of the former Uniroyal facility.  The city took control in 1998, in early 2000 we started demolition,” said Rea.  “We constructed a great new park,” said Rea.  The park includes a three mile river walk. 
 
With new development coming to Mishawaka it is a constantly changing city.  The city plans to continue to build more neighborhoods.  “We are working on a neighborhood transformation,” said Rea.
     
Rea is also working on the budget, doing things to help stretch citizen tax dollars by taking perks away from city workers, such as not allowing police to use there police car for personal use, and charging city workers for health insurance. 

SGA@Work March 29th

March 29, 2007

Brandi Miller
Staff Writer
      
At Friday’s meeting the SGA unanimously approved the appointment of Senators Jessica Jackson and Kristina Niere to the Smoking Committee.
     
The Senate also approved up to $200 to the Election Committee for signs and snacks for the upcoming SGA elections in April. 
     
Cole Belt was unanimously approved as the Justice replacing Joe Spencer who resigned earlier this month.
     
The Budget Committee presented the Budget Report for 2008, which included cuts in many departments funding including the stipends given to the SGA members. The new budget was unanimously approved by the Senate and now goes to President Marcus Vigil to be signed and then sent to Chancellor Reck for approval.
     
The next SGA meeting will be on March 30 in SAC 225 at 4 p.m.
     

The Easter Bunny Cometh

March 29, 2007

Terrie Phillips
Student News Editor

On Saturday, March 24, 2007, the Easter Bunny visited kids at the second annual Easter Egg Hunt sponsored by Student Alumni Association (SAA). 
 
The event featured Ramona Renee the Rabbit, played by Kelsey Skeats; a magic show performed by Steve Vaught; and face painting by Jason Cytacki and Alex Eakins.  The event also featured a decorated egg contest, a candy count contest and coloring. 
 
SAA split the children into three age groups: 9 to 12, lead by Jarrod Ewald; 4 to 8, lead by Angie Huff; and month olds to 3, lead by Jeanie Metzer.  Each group was led into a different area of the campus. The hunt was held outside. 
 
“This is fun, but is really hot,” said Ramona Renee the Rabbit.  “It has been really fun today. I enjoy working with the kids.  Hopefully I’m not scaring the kids.”

 “It was very nice,” said Nan Wahll, a grandmother.  Deandre, 11, holding a basket full of eggs, said “It was fun.” 
 
There were 1,066 hidden eggs, with one golden egg per group. The golden egg contained five dollars and Willy Wonka candy. 
 
The event lasted from 1:30 to 3 p.m., and 200, including adults, were expected to attend. Others helping at the event were Laralee Reed, Tasha Browning and Cyndi Seafross. 
 

Adam Gallippo
Student Life Editor

Last Monday it was impossible not to notice the rows of empty shoes, boots and sandals adorned with flowers and nametags.
     
The event, “Eyes Wide Open: Beyond Fear, Toward Hope,” is a traveling exhibit created by the American Friends Service Committee and brought to our campus by the IUSB club, Students for Common Sense. The exhibit illustrates the cost of war in Iraq by displaying the empty footwear of dead U.S. and Iraqi military personnel.

Students for Common Sense, an organization started just last fall, is no stranger when it comes to controversy. Whether it was their screening of “An Inconvenient Truth” or traveling to Washington, D.C. to protest the war in Iraq, Students for Common Sense will continue to draw both support and criticism. All truly significant events do.

While walking around the exhibit, IUSB student Devin Megyese was shocked to see the number of children’s shoes on display.

“I heard this exhibit was to display the dead U.S. and Iraq military people. I guess they really take the word infantry to heart,” said Megyese. “It’s incredibly sad to see that so many children would be used to fight in a war. As a child, there’s no way they can grasp what they’re being instructed to do. When will it be over?”
     
The magnitude of the event drew all forms of local media coverage as both television and print journalists descended on IUSB as the war in Iraq will continue to be a hot topic.
     
For many, it was difficult to feel anything other than sadness and confusion while examining the exhibit. While some felt the display was a grizzly reminder of why we need to leave Iraq, others felt it, if seen by the enemy, would provide encouragement for them to continue.
     
“It emboldens [the enemy]. They’ll think the group members are allies in the war against America,” said IUSB student Chuck Norton in Margaret Fosmoe’s South Bend Tribune article, “War exhibit draws support, criticism at IUSB.”  Norton continued, “We didn’t ask, ‘When will the war be over?’ after Pearl Harbor. It’ll be over when the Iraqi leadership can stand on its own.”
     
Following the IUSB display of “Eyes Wide Open: Beyond Fear, Toward Hope” the exhibit moved to Notre Dame’s campus.
     
     
     
      

Terrie Phillips
Student News Editor

On Wednesday, March 21, 2007, in SAC 223-225 at 5:30 p.m., as part of the Millennium Campaign, three professors spoke with an audience on the subject of education and how it empowers around the world.

The first speaker, Dr. Susan Cress, Associate Professor of Education, IU South Bend, spoke on the numbers of children that go uneducated and UNICEF’s efforts. Cress talked about how to bring education to children. “Start at the beginning when talking about education,” said Cress.

According to Cress, to bring education you have to consider the factors that play into the lives of the children you are trying to educate. “Are families able to find food?” said Cress. Factors include: a safe environment, warm clothing, hunger, shoes, proper healthcare and shelter, just to name a few.

The next speaker, Dr. Marsha Heck, Associate Professor of Secondary Education, IU South Bend, spoke on the resources necessary to bring education to those unable to get it themselves. “There are 130 million children from ages 5 to 11 that do not have the ability to go tot school,” said Heck.

She continued to discuss the issues in New Orleans and war torn countries like Iraq. How issues like war, after effects of natural disasters, and poverty affect the amount of children able to go to school and the quality of education they receive.

The final speaker, Dr. Kwadwo Okrah, Director of the Center for Global Education, IU South Bend, discussed how we need to consider other countries needs and resources when bringing education to them. For example, an abundance of computer science graduates in a country with only 40 computers can cause a brain drain within that society.

He talked about teaching them skills they need to know to grow and survive in their environment. “If we don’t take care we will maintain the status quo,” said Okrah. He also discussed the definition of empowerment in politics, culture and economics.

After the speakers finished, the discussion continued with questions and comments.

Eric A. Gingerich
Staff Writer

There must be a fine line between being too ballsy and just ballsy enough. Of course the word itself, meaning bold, confident, feisty or determined, implies you’re either ballsy or not. After all, bold is bold and feisty is feisty; presumably there can’t be middle ground. You’re not a little bit determined. You are determined full force with all your heart. Otherwise, what’s point?

Obviously, this word, ballsy, is slang–vulgar slang at that, perhaps of British origins, and, as far as I can tell, it originated sometime during the 1950s and ‘60s. I imagine a cocky, beat-up young rapscallion wrestling the word balls to the ground and pinning the suffix –y to it. Clearly, you can see its stereotypical masculine roots. Yet, in my opinion, it transcends all this brutish nonsense and is a quality we should strive to be regularly.

I’m not completely sure what happened but I’ve been feeling more and more ballsy everyday. In a smallish way I recently stormed Random House’s intimidating and prestigious building on Broadway in New York. While there, I met a girl who shattered this very image of the unapproachable and self-important city. A day later, back in New Jersey, I approached a young lad of probably 18 years (he had braces!) for his phone number. I had no intention of getting his number; I simply felt courageous.

I never pictured myself doing these things, not until recently anyway. And now, because I have experienced them, it seems I possess a strange power to do more or less anything. Sure, I might not have tangible proof my newfound courage—I don’t have the job; this girl, well, you just never know; and the young lad, he was for humor and practice. Material things eventually vanish anyway. Instead, we keep essences. In the end, those ethereal qualities like courage are what matter.
     
And when these qualities enter your system, they are hard to shake. You feel ballsy. You are feisty. You get ideas, big ones, ones that would have scared you a year ago, ones you would have certainly ignored way back when. But now, you cannot rid them. They are stuck until further notice; until you can unleash them into the world. These ideas cultivate that strange power, and it builds and builds until you feel like a tiger.
     
But you are not a cruel-hearted killer tiger; you simply have that fierce tiger appeal about you. Of course, maintaining this vigor in our overwhelming world seems difficult. Things are intimidating. Beauty is threatening. Prestige is daunting. At every turn, someone or something will break your spirit. The trick is to become positive, upbeat, friendly. The trick is to have a quiet confidence—the kind that rejects the smug appearance and material gloss a loud confidence holds firm. But the real trick is simple: Refuse discouragement despite all else.

Brandi Miller
Staff Writer

A new club has recently formed on the IU South Bend campus. The Chinese Friendship and Culture Organization (CFCO) was founded by Zhibin (Daisy) Tian, a communications major who emigrated here from China. Tian, along with three officers and faculty advisor, Dr. Ying Li of the Business Department, will be hosting a Cultural Exhibition in the Quiet Lounge next to The Grille on March 29 from noon to 1 p.m.

At the exhibition they will talk about traditional Chinese dance, which will include video clips. They will also discuss the Chinese traditional holidays and festivals. The exhibition will celebrate the Chinese New Year, which is different from the American New Year because the Chinese go by a lunar calendar instead of the traditional American calendar.

The next exhibition, The Mid-Autumn Festival, will be held in September.

According to Tian, she started the CFCO because she “feels that Chinese students here are very lonely. They are all away from their friends and family and because we do not celebrate Christmas we wanted to be able to get together and make friends.”

The purpose of the group, according Tian, to is to provide friendships to students at IUSB and to introduce Chinese culture to everyone. Membership is free and the group hopes to meet once a month

They are looking for a volunteer to build their website, and are always recruiting new members.

If interested, contact Zhibin Tian at atztian@iusb.edu.